ERIC Number: ED433154
Record Type: Non-Journal
Publication Date: 1999-Sep
Reference Count: N/A
A Six-County Study of the Effects of Smart Start Child Care on Kindergarten Entry Skills.
Maxwell, Kelly; Bryant, Donna; Miller-Johnson, Shari
The purpose of this study was to determine whether children living in North Carolina who attended child care centers that participated in many Smart Start quality improvement efforts have better skills when they enter kindergarten than do a comparison group of children from other child care centers of family child care homes. Subjects were 214 Smart Start children and 294 comparison children. Within the group of Smart Start children, a subgroup of 142 were identified who attended centers participating in activities directly related to improving child care quality. Information on the cognitive, language, and social skills of all subjects was gathered as they began kindergarten. Findings indicated that when all 214 Smart Start children were compared with all comparison children, the skills of the two groups were not different. However, the Smart Start-direct subgroup did have significantly better cognitive and language skills than comparison children. Also, fewer children in this subgroup were rated by their kindergarten teachers has having behavior problems than children in the comparison group. The findings of this multi-county study support earlier single-county reports of the positive effects of Smart Start on children's outcomes. The findings suggest that Smart Start efforts need to be directly related to improving the quality of child care if they are to have an effect on children's school entry skills. (KB)
Descriptors: Comparative Analysis, Counties, Day Care, Family Day Care, Kindergarten, Kindergarten Children, Outcomes of Education, Preschool Education, Primary Education, Program Improvement, School Readiness, Student Adjustment
Web site: www.fpg.unc.edu/~smartstart; Tel: 919-966-4295.
Publication Type: Reports - Research
Education Level: N/A
Authoring Institution: North Carolina Univ., Chapel Hill. Frank Porter Graham Center.