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ERIC Number: ED433098
Record Type: RIE
Publication Date: 1999-May
Reference Count: N/A
Improving Student Motivation through the Use of Multiple Intelligences.
Burhorn, Gayle E.; Harlow, Beverly A.; Van Norman, Jeanine Fox
This action research project examined the impact of using cooperative learning activities and multiple intelligences teaching techniques on the motivation of kindergartners and third graders at two elementary schools in a rural Illinois community. Over 50 percent of the school populations were low-income, and over 6 percent had limited English proficiency. Two groups of students participated in the study, one classroom of 22 third graders and one classroom of 24 all-day kindergarten students. The extent of disruptive behavior and low motivation was documented through teacher observation checklists and student attitude surveys (with a modified form administered orally to kindergartners). The 16-week intervention used multiple intelligence teaching methods, cooperative learning activities, and enhanced classroom climate to promote learning. At least two 30-minute cooperative lessons were taught each week during the intervention period. To assess the effects of the intervention, monthly tabulations of off-task behavior were maintained for October, November, January, and February. Observations were made every 5 minutes for a 30-minute period for 20 third graders and 6 kindergartners. The findings indicated that there was a 66 percent decrease in the number of off-task occurrences during seatwork for third graders and an 84 percent decrease for kindergartners. Improvements were also noted in students' abilities to work well with a partner. (Eight appendices include data collection instruments and sample lesson plans. Contains 37 references.) (KB)
Descriptors: Action Research, Classroom Environment, Cooperative Learning, Elementary School Students, Grade 3, Interpersonal Competence, Kindergarten, Kindergarten Children, Multiple Intelligences, Primary Education, Program Effectiveness, Student Attitudes, Student Behavior, Student Improvement, Student Motivation, Teaching Methods
Publication Type: Dissertations/Theses; Tests/Questionnaires
Education Level: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A
Note: Master's Action Research Project, Saint Xavier University and IRI/Skylight.