ERIC Number: ED432943
Record Type: RIE
Publication Date: 1999-Jun-18
Reference Count: N/A
Intercollegiate Athletics: Comparison of Selected Characteristics of Men's and Women's Programs.
Hembra, Richard L.
This report to J. Dennis Hastert, Speaker of the House of Representatives, examines trends in characteristics related to participation of college men and women in athletic programs. The report focuses on net changes between academic years 1985-86 and 1996-97, by gender and sport, for schools that were members of the National Collegiate Athletic Association with respect to five characteristics: (1) number of student athletes and proportion of undergraduate students participating in athletics; (2) number of teams; (3) number of different sports sponsored; (4) average squad size; and (5) maximum number of athletic scholarships schools were allowed to award. The study found that intercollegiate athletic participation by women increased between these two periods, while athletic participation by men decreased during the same period. The overall proportions of both men and women undergraduates who participated in athletics decreased over the period, though participation levels generally remained higher for men than for women. Participation trends also varied considerably by sport. Tables present findings on each of the five characteristics. Three enclosures provide additional information about scope and methodology, detailed data on athletic characteristics by sport for the two time periods, and changes in the maximum number of scholarships allowed. (DB)
Descriptors: Athletes, College Athletics, College Students, Females, Higher Education, Intercollegiate Cooperation, Males, Sex Differences, Student Characteristics, Student Participation, Tables (Data), Trend Analysis
U.S. General Accounting Office, P.O. Box 6015, Gaithersburg, MD 20884-6015; Tel: 202-512-6000; Fax: 301-258-4066; Web site: http://www.gao.gov (first copy free; additional copies $2 each).
Publication Type: Numerical/Quantitative Data; Reports - Research
Education Level: N/A
Authoring Institution: General Accounting Office, Washington, DC. Health, Education, and Human Services Div.