ERIC Number: ED432941
Record Type: RIE
Publication Date: 1997-Dec-3
Matching Social Support and Sources of Stress in Female Nursing Faculty Pursuing Doctoral Study.
Kenty, Janet R.
This study surveyed 111 women faculty in four-year nursing education programs who were also enrolled in doctoral study to determine the stresses involved in balancing the two roles of teacher and student. The theoretical framework was an extension of Cutrona and Russell's social support model which proposes that stressful life events impact particular life domains (role change, home achievement, time, family/friends relations, money, work/school achievement) and that types and sources of social support when matched with a particular life domain reduce the impact of stress within that life domain. Participants completed three instruments: the Norbeck Social Support Questionnaire measuring types/sources of social support; the Life As A Doctoral Student Survey measuring changes within life domains; and the Negative Affects Balance Subscale measuring stress. Taken together, the life domains accounted for 36 percent of the variance in stress, while matching types/sources of social support with particular life domains explained 16-19 percent of the variance in stress. Matching spousal aid support with both the role change and home achievement domains decreased stress, while matching friends' affect support with the work/school achievement domain increased stress. As a result of this study, a revised model was created to better reflect women's doctoral training experience. (Contains 36 references.) (DB)
Publication Type: Reports - Research; Speeches/Meeting Papers
Education Level: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A
Note: Paper presented at the Biennial Convention of Sigma Theta Tau International (34th, Indianapolis, IN, December 1997).