ERIC Number: ED432937
Record Type: RIE
Publication Date: 1999
The Art and Science of Classroom Assessment. The Missing Part of Pedagogy. ASHE-ERIC Higher Education Report, Volume 27, Number 1.
Brookhart, Susan M.
This report addresses assessment of college student performance. Discussion focuses on why classroom assessment of students' achievement is important; how an instructor can ensure the quality of information from classroom assessments; methods of assessment particularly suited to various achievement targets; how the results of several assessments can be meaningfully combined into one composite grade; ways for faculty to improve assessment skills; and conclusions about assessment from a review of the literature. The report describes five different kinds of learning goals or "achievement targets," and appropriate forms of assessment for each. These learning goals are: (1) knowledge of facts and concepts (recall); (2) thinking, reasoning, and problem solving using one's knowledge; (3) skill in procedures or processes; (4) constructing projects, reports, artwork, or other products; and (5) dispositions, such as appreciating the importance of a discipline. Following an introduction, individual chapters discuss defining student learning for assessment, ensuring the quality of classroom assessment information, options for classroom assessment, assessment in the disciplines, grading, grade distributions and grading policies, and conclusions and further resources. (Contains 76 references.) (DB)
Descriptors: College Students, Educational Assessment, Evaluation Methods, Higher Education, Knowledge Level, Student Educational Objectives, Student Evaluation, Thinking Skills
ERIC Clearinghouse on Higher Education, One Dupont Circle, Suite 630, Washington, DC 20036-1183 ($24).
Publication Type: Guides - Classroom - Teacher; ERIC Publications
Education Level: N/A
Audience: Practitioners; Teachers
Sponsor: Office of Educational Research and Improvement (ED), Washington, DC.
Authoring Institution: Association for the Study of Higher Education.; ERIC Clearinghouse on Higher Education, Washington, DC.; George Washington Univ., Washington, DC. Graduate School of Education and Human Development.
Note: For a digest of this report, see HE 032 246.