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ERIC Number: ED432908
Record Type: Non-Journal
Publication Date: 1999
Pages: 23
Abstractor: N/A
Reference Count: N/A
ESL Korean Learners' Decision-Making Processes in the Performance of the Speech Act of Requests.
Suh, Jae-Suk
A study examined (1) the decision-making processes used by Korean learners of English as a second language (ESL) to make requests in different situations, and (2) how the learners describe those processes. Subjects were 30 Korean students, 15 males and 15 females, enrolled in an intensive English program at a midwestern university in the United States. A written discourse completion test and immediate retrospection were used to elicit requests and, subsequently, thoughts about the decision-making process. The test included 12 situations varying in the familiarity and relative social power of the interlocutors. Analysis of student responses revealed six categories characterizing the learners' decision-making processes during request-making: assessment of the situation; monitoring for appropriate sociolinguistic expressions; use of request skills; connection to personal life; cross-cultural comparison; and monitoring for language forms. Results suggest that the learners' interlanguage system was engaged in cognitively varied, complex processes in realizing requests, and that immediate retrospection as a data collection method produced rich information about what the learners had been thinking. The discourse-completion test situations are appended. (Contains 27 references.) (MSE)
Publication Type: Reports - Research
Education Level: N/A
Audience: N/A
Language: English
Sponsor: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A