ERIC Number: ED432876
Record Type: RIE
Publication Date: 1999-Jun
State Trends in Employment Services for People with Developmental Disabilities: Multiyear Comparisons Based on State MR/DD Agency and Vocational Rehabilitation (RSA) Data.
Butterworth, John; Gilmore, Dana S.; Kiernan, William E.; Schalock, Robert
This monograph summarizes national and state level changes in employment patterns for individuals with mental retardation and other developmental disabilities. It presents longitudinal data from state mental retardation/developmental disability (MR/DD) agencies covering 8 years between FY88 and FY96, and for federal/state vocational rehabilitation services covering the years FY85 to FY95. Data indicate: (1) MR/DD agencies have expanded their capacity to provide day and employment services; (2) MR/DD agencies have reported an increase in the number and percent of individuals in integrated employment; (3) there is some suggestion that integrated employment has been an add-on service rather than a true systems change; (4) the service delivery system for persons with disabilities in day and employment services is changing; (5) within the vocational rehabilitation system, there has been a steady improvement in employment outcomes for persons with disabilities; (6) state investment in employment outcomes varies among states, based on a standardized rate measure of the number of individuals supported in integrated employment per 100,000 state population; and (7) there is no significant correlation between the integrated employment rates for MR/DD agencies and the rates of closure into competitive employment for vocational rehabilitation agencies. The appendix includes individual state profiles. (Contains 15 references.) (CR)
Descriptors: Adults, Change Strategies, Data Analysis, Employment, Employment Patterns, Employment Services, Longitudinal Studies, Mental Retardation, State Programs, Supported Employment, Tables (Data), Trend Analysis, Vocational Rehabilitation
Institute for Community Inclusion, Children's Hospital, 300 Longwood Ave., Boston, MA 02115; Tel: 617-355-6506; Tel: 617-355-6956 (TTY); Fax: 617-355-7940; e-mail: firstname.lastname@example.org; Web site: http://www.childrenshospital.org/ici ($20).
Publication Type: Numerical/Quantitative Data; Reports - Descriptive
Education Level: N/A
Sponsor: National Inst. on Disability and Rehabilitation Research (ED/OSERS), Washington, DC.
Authoring Institution: Children's Hospital, Boston, MA. Inst. for Community Inclusion.