ERIC Number: ED432837
Record Type: Non-Journal
Publication Date: 1996-May
Reference Count: N/A
The Racial Integration of Schools: A Review of the Literature on the Experience in South Africa. EPU Working Paper No. 7.
Naidoo, Jordan P.
This report outlines the history of desegregation in South African schools and explores the continuing strains arising from the process. It focuses on integration in the context of the various school models used in the country. The text describes how segregated education became institutionalized after the National Party came to power in 1948 and how the Soweto student uprisings in 1976 marked a turning point in the history of education in South Africa. Churches began to oppose segregated education and a rapidly expanding black middle class began to agitate for access to better education. The 1980s witnessed increases in reform activities, and a number of formal organizations were formed to combat segregation, leading to a gradual expansion of educational opportunities for people of color. In 1990, a new admissions policy for white state schools was introduced, which saw the creation of three new models of schools that allowed the enrollment of pupils other than those for which the school was originally intended. These models were followed by the election of the first democratic government in South Africa in 1994, which ushered in significant education policy changes. However, even with all of these changes, South African schools remain largely segregated today. (Contains approximately 140 references.) (RJM)
Publication Type: Information Analyses
Education Level: N/A
Authoring Institution: Natal Univ., Durban (South Africa). Education Policy Unit.
Identifiers - Location: South Africa