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ERIC Number: ED432836
Record Type: Non-Journal
Publication Date: 1999-Apr
Pages: 21
Abstractor: N/A
Reference Count: N/A
Educational Reform: The Power of Individuals and Other Forces.
Ben-Peretz, Miriam
This paper presents two cases of educational renewal to exemplify the major role that individuals and political circumstances play in the determination of educational policies and their realization. One case concerns the impact of a new matriculation policy on curricular directions in Israel. The second case concerns the development of a 5-year plan for educational renewal in the Arab sector in Israel. The article probes the conflicts and dilemmas accompanying educational reform movements emphasizing the power of individuals--such as Ministers of Education--political groups, or economic factors to shape, lead, or distort the nature of educational policies. The study focuses on the dilemmas and conflicts accompanying educational reform in a multiethnic and multicultural country like Israel. The report portrays how a reformer, such as the Minister of Education, who started the process of matriculation reform in response to societal problems and influence, must face numerous struggles with the conservative establishment of teacher unions and universities. Reform can be successful as long as the "policy window" remains open and public mood is in favor of the intended changes. Results show that although reform can be delayed, popular forces in favor of reform can ensure its implementation. (RJM)
Publication Type: Reports - Research; Speeches/Meeting Papers
Education Level: N/A
Audience: N/A
Language: English
Sponsor: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A
Identifiers - Location: Israel