ERIC Number: ED432811
Record Type: RIE
Publication Date: 1998-Nov
Educational Indicators: What Are They? How Can Schools and School Districts Use Them?
Ogawa, Rodney; Collom, Ed
This paper provides local educators and policy makers with information about educational indicators and their use. It opens by briefly tracing the history of the educational indicators movement in the United States and then addresses four critical issues or questions about indicators and their use: What is an indicator and an indicator system? How can indicators and indicator systems be used? How do you identify indicators and decide which will be included in an indicator system? and Who needs to be involved? The report examines numerous ways in which indicators can be used: (1) describe problems quickly and clearly; (2) help in monitoring and accountability; (3) assist with evaluations; (4) inform system improvement; and (5) advance policy agendas. The article discusses which indicators should be included and describes how to use models to select the appropriate indicator systems. Also discussed are ways to use frameworks to construct indicator systems, tips on deciding how many indicators to employ in a system, suggestions for developing criteria for judging indicators, advice on using indicator systems' predictive and descriptive capabilities, and information on choosing how to use an indicator system. The paper closes with a discussion of the implications associated with the use of an indicator system. (Contains 55 references.) (RJM)
Publication Type: Reports - Evaluative
Education Level: N/A
Authoring Institution: California Educational Research Cooperative, Riverside.