ERIC Number: ED432700
Record Type: Non-Journal
Publication Date: 1999-Sep-9
Welfare Reform. States' Implementation and Effects on the Workforce Development System. Statement of Cynthia M. Fagnoni, Director, Education, Workforce, and Income Security Issues, Health, Education, and Human Services Division. Testimony before the Subcommittee on Postsecondary Education, Training, and Life-Long Learning, Committee on Education and the Workforce, House of Representatives.
General Accounting Office, Washington, DC. Health, Education, and Human Services Div.
Research on effectiveness of welfare-to-work approaches shows programs that combine approaches--job search assistance and education and training--have better employment and earnings outcomes than either approach alone. Consistent with findings and the work focus of the Personal Responsibility and Work Opportunity Reconciliation Act, states have been revising welfare programs to focus on moving people into employment rather than providing monthly cash assistance. States often expect clients to test the job market for a time before providing other services. Education and vocational training are largely reserved for those who need it to get or keep a job or to advance on a career ladder. As welfare agencies focus more on moving clients into jobs, goals and operations of the welfare system have become increasingly similar to those of the work force development system. The two systems are working more closely to meet needs of Temporary Assistance for Needy Families (TANF) clients. A review of seven state-sponsored studies and a recent nationwide study show that most adults who left welfare were employed at some time; many have returned to the welfare rolls. As welfare reform continues to evolve, attention should be paid to emerging challenges: develop ways in which systems can help the hardest-to-employ get and keep a job; enhance opportunities for low-wage workers to maintain employment and increase earnings; and develop ways to foster greater collaboration between the workforce development and welfare systems to meet employment needs of TANF clients. (YLB)
Descriptors: Adult Education, Comparative Analysis, Cooperative Programs, Coordination, Economically Disadvantaged, Employment Programs, Federal Legislation, Federal Programs, Job Placement, Job Search Methods, Job Training, Labor Force Development, Program Effectiveness, Program Evaluation, State Programs, Welfare Recipients, Welfare Reform, Welfare Services
U.S. General Accounting Office, P.O. Box 37050, Washington, DC 20013, Tel: 202-512-6000; Fax: 202-512-6061; Tel: 202-512-2537 (TDD); Web site: http://www.gao.gov; e-mail: firstname.lastname@example.org (first copy free; additional copies $2 each; 100 or more: 25% discount).
Publication Type: Legal/Legislative/Regulatory Materials
Education Level: N/A
Authoring Institution: General Accounting Office, Washington, DC. Health, Education, and Human Services Div.
Identifiers - Laws, Policies, & Programs: Personal Responsibility and Work Opportunities Reconciliation Act; Temporary Assistance for Needy Families