ERIC Number: ED432667
Record Type: Non-Journal
Publication Date: 1999
Reference Count: N/A
Countries with Successful Employment Policy: What Is behind Their Success? IAB Labour Market Research Topics No. 33.
In the United States, Great Britain, the Netherlands, and Denmark, employment trends have been considerably more favorable than in Germany. A country is considered successful in an employment policy context if unemployment is falling steadily or is low and if employment is increasing steadily or the employment rate has reached a high level. Everywhere, low-skilled workers are affected by unemployment to a disproportionately high degree. In the United States, a lower rate of economic growth is sufficient to trigger a one percent increase in employment. The employment threshold, the level of economic growth that triggers an increase in employment, is close to zero in the United States. In Germany, the employment threshold is a Gross Domestic Product growth of about two percent and shifting upward. The Netherlands and the United States show the highest increases in employment. Increases in the Netherlands are due to increased part-time employment predominantly among women who previously had a low labor force participation rate. In both countries, the increase in the population of working age people plays an important role. In regards to wage disparities, the European countries differ from the United States, where the disparities were considerably greater at the upper and lower ends and have increased even further over time. Common features for employment policy success are the following: (1) a comprehensive macroeconomic approach; (2) a favorable framework for investment and consumption; (3) liberalized markets for goods and services; (4) decentralized systems of wage determination; and (5) moderate wage increases. (YLB)
Descriptors: Adult Education, Economic Impact, Economic Progress, Employed Women, Employment Level, Employment Patterns, Foreign Countries, Investment, Labor Force, Labor Market, Public Policy, Success, Unemployment, Unskilled Workers, Wages
Web site: http://www.iab.de (full text).
Publication Type: Reports - Research
Education Level: N/A
Authoring Institution: Institute of Employment Research, Nurenberg (Germany).
Identifiers - Location: Denmark; Germany; Netherlands; United States