ERIC Number: ED432417
Record Type: Non-Journal
Publication Date: 1998-Aug
Reference Count: N/A
Human Capital, Social Classes, and the Earnings Determination Process in Brazilian Agriculture.
Neves, Jorge A.; Haller, Archibald O.; Fernandes, Danielle C.
This paper examines the process of earnings determination in the agricultural sector of Brazil. Among the main causal factors analyzed are human capital (education and work experience), labor market segmentation, gender, social class position, level of development/modernization, and concentration of land ownership. Data on individuals employed in the agricultural sector (including livestock production) were drawn from Brazilian National Household Sample Surveys for 1973, 1982, and 1988. Contrary to previous reports, the impacts of both schooling and work experience on the earnings of the farm labor force were found to be positive and very large. Level of development or modernization did not affect the relationship between human capital and earnings. However, structural variables such as agricultural modernization and social class did have direct and independent effects on earnings. Up until 1982, the positive effect of agricultural modernization on earnings was greater than the negative effect of concentrated land ownership; after 1982, the latter exceeded the former. With regard to public policy, the findings suggest that investment in the rural labor force's human capital would increase agricultural productivity, and that agricultural land distribution may be useful in Brazil for purely economic reasons, if not others. Contains references in notes and 12 statistical tables. (SV)
Publication Type: Numerical/Quantitative Data; Reports - Research; Speeches/Meeting Papers
Education Level: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A
Identifiers - Location: Brazil