ERIC Number: ED432390
Record Type: Non-Journal
Publication Date: 1998-Jun
Reference Count: N/A
Living on the Edges: Children Who Work in Europe. From Exploitation to Participation.
The majority of European countries do not recognize working children as a cause of concern, but rather consider it a past and/or solved problem, or one present only in developing nations. This report presents the results of a questionnaire study, undertaken by the European Forum for Child Welfare (EFCW), which investigated at a grass roots level the presence of working children in European countries. Information was obtained through a questionnaire sent to non-governmental child welfare organizations, all EFCW members, to determine how the network of child welfare organizations deals with working children and their awareness of the issue. Chapter 1 of the report presents relevant definitions, focusing on legal differentiations made among child labor, work, and employment. Chapter 2 considers the state of international law concerning child work and the protection of the work of children. Chapter 3 examines the state of ratification of the main international pieces of legislation related to working children and includes a table delineating the national education and child labor legislation for European Union countries. Chapter 4 contains case studies for the United Kingdom, Greece, Italy, and Portugal to illustrate different approaches used to deal with working children. The report concludes that children in Europe work in both exploitative and beneficial situations. Finally, the report includes recommendations for systematic research on several aspects of child work, eradication of all forms of hazardous and exploitative child work, careful differentiation between the usefulness of international instruments articulating universal principles and the need for flexible and relativist programmatic approaches. Contains 82 references. (KB)
Descriptors: Case Studies, Child Labor, Child Welfare, Children, Childrens Rights, Developed Nations, Federal Legislation, Foreign Countries, Homeless People, International Law
European Forum for Child Welfare, 53 Rue de la Concorde, B-1050, Bruxelles, Belgium; Tel: 32-2-511-70-83; Fax: 32-2-511-72-98; e-mail: firstname.lastname@example.org; Web site: http://www.eurplace.org/orga/efcw/index.html (500 Belgium Francs).
Publication Type: Reports - Research
Education Level: N/A
Authoring Institution: European Forum for Child Welfare, Brussels (Belgium).
Identifiers - Location: European Union; Greece; Italy; Portugal; United Kingdom
Identifiers - Laws, Policies, & Programs: United Nations Convention on the Rights of the Child