ERIC Number: ED432287
Record Type: RIE
Publication Date: 1999-Mar
Gender Differences on Attitudes toward Computers: A Meta-Analysis.
Liao, Yuen-kuang Cliff
A meta-analysis was performed to synthesize existing research on the effect of gender differences on attitudes toward computers. A total of 106 studies were located from three sources, and their quantitative data were transformed into Effect Size. Nine variables were selected for coding: nationality of subjects, population group, sample size, type of publication, year of publication, reliability of measure, statistical power, statistics, and type of attitude. The results suggest that male subjects had slightly higher (more positive) attitudes toward computers than female subjects. While many authors have indicated that women and girls are more likely to hold lower attitudes toward computers than males, the results of this study provide accumulated research-based evidence to support this hypothesis. Left unanswered is the question of what factors truly contribute to the differences. Studies of this question will require further clarification of the exact relationship between gender and computer learning. This meta-analysis points out only that gender differences on attitudes toward computers exist. (Contains 31 references.) (Author/AEF)
Publication Type: Information Analyses; Reports - Research; Speeches/Meeting Papers
Education Level: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A
Note: In: SITE 99: Society for Information Technology & Teacher Education International Conference (10th, San Antonio, TX, February 28-March 4, 1999); see IR 019 584.