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ERIC Number: ED432078
Record Type: Non-Journal
Publication Date: 1999-May
Pages: 46
Abstractor: N/A
Reference Count: N/A
Autism: An Overview and Investigation into the Lovaas Intervention Technique.
Pope, Kelly L.
This paper reviews the literature on autism in general and examines in some detail the research on the Lovaas method of early intervention. The general review is divided into subsections which cover the following topics: historical perspectives, definition of autism, causes of autism, characteristics of people with autism, diagnostic criteria, types of autism, currently agreed upon facts, families with an autistic child, infants with autism, what to do after diagnosis, guidelines for evaluating treatment programs, social interaction for people with autism, and early identification. The second half of the paper focuses on the methodology developed by Ivar Lovaas and implemented at the Lovaas Institute for Early Intervention. This intensive behavioral intervention involves one-to-one therapy by a trained therapist for 5-7 hours per day, 5-7 days per week. The Institute claims that with early intervention, sizable minorities of children with autism and pervasive developmental disorders have been able to achieve normal educational and intellectual functioning by 7 years of age and all children improve somewhat. The Lovaas therapy is reviewed in subsections on: the Lovaas Institute for Early Intervention, results of a Lovaas' research experiment, evaluation criteria for alternative treatments, and concerns about making this labor-intensive therapy more widely available. Attached is a list of eight organizational resources. (Contains 24 references.) (DB)
Publication Type: Dissertations/Theses; Reports - Evaluative
Education Level: N/A
Audience: N/A
Language: English
Sponsor: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A