ERIC Number: ED432041
Record Type: RIE
Publication Date: 1999
Female Superintendents, Barriers, and the Struggle for Equity.
This report examines the status of female superintendents in the United States. Women comprise 70 percent of all teachers in the United States, but men continue to dominate educational administration, particularly the superintendency. A 1999 survey revealed that females hold 20 percent of top school-executive positions and that there remain many barriers to female advancement in educational administration. Female superintendents are much more likely than their male counterparts to be single, widowed, divorced, or to have commuter marriages, and they are also more likely to be seen as responsible for domestic chores. Women have a more difficult time relocating than do men; female superintendents who are married must have husbands who are willing to relocate, to take on household chores, and to withstand the public scrutiny of the job. There are fewer opportunities for advancement in small districts, where many women have numerous years of experience, and most women are reluctant to relocate. Women must also endure the sex-role stereotypes still evident in school boards, which are many times made up of white males. The report concludes with 12 bits of wisdom offered by a woman who is a former superintendent and who has 28 years of experience. Contains 14 references. (RJM)
Publication Type: Opinion Papers
Education Level: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A