ERIC Number: ED431987
Record Type: Non-Journal
Publication Date: 1998-Aug
Reference Count: N/A
Toward an Understanding of (EM)Power(Ment) for HIV/AIDS Prevention with Adolescent Women.
Gutierrez, Lorraine; Oh, Hyun Joo; Gillmore, Mary Rogers
Preventing the spread of Acquired Immune Deficiency Syndrome (AIDS) among women is a national priority. In the United States, AIDS is the sixth leading cause of death among young adult women, and their rate of infection is four times higher than men. This article was developed to help stimulate interest in the power dynamics of relationships and how these might influence adolescent women's risk for acquiring the virus (HIV) that causes AIDS. It explores how high-risk adolescents view their personal power, the degree to which they see themselves as powerful in their ability to influence their steady partner and their relationship, and if these perceptions of power improve their ability to engage in safer sex behaviors. Preliminary analysis lends some support to previous theory and qualitative studies that suggested adolescent women's power and empowerment should be consideration for HIV prevention among high-risk adolescents. Also, an understanding of power dynamics in relationships is complex and must be contextualized in respect to gender and race. The pattern of results supports previous research that has found racial and gender differences in viewing power, relationships, and condom use. Preventing the spread of HIV and AIDS requires a clear understanding of the ways in which gender, culture, and developmental issues interact in contributing to safer sex behaviors. (Contains 85 references and 3 tables.) (JDM)
Publication Type: Reports - Research; Speeches/Meeting Papers
Education Level: N/A
Sponsor: National Inst. on Allergies and Infectious Diseases (NIH), Bethesda, MD.; National Inst. of Mental Health (DHHS), Rockville, MD.
Authoring Institution: N/A
Identifiers - Location: Washington (Seattle)