ERIC Number: ED431890
Record Type: Non-Journal
Publication Date: 1999
Reference Count: N/A
The Change in Employment Forms: Empirical Results and First Explanatory Approaches.
Hoffmann, Edeltraut; Walwei, Ulrich
IAB Labour Market Research Topics, n34 1999
Throughout the world, the forms of employment in industrialized countries are in a state of flux. Employment relationships that were previously considered "regular" (permanent, full-time) are becoming less significant. In place of these relationships, other employment options (such as fixed contracts, part-time employment, and contingent employment) are becoming more common. Using Germany as an example, a study was conducted to describe what factors lie behind the dynamics of the change in employment forms. The study showed that the regulatory or legal framework, in contrast to what is often implied, is only one key factor in explaining the change in employment forms. Other factors include labor costs, net income obtainable, and structural change. The study concluded that it is not possible, based on current research, to determine or prescribe the future of employment forms. Instead, two competing trends are likely: (1) increasing loss of significance of the regular employment relationship as a result of even more diversity in employment forms; and (2) reform of the regular employment relationship (such as lowering social insurance contributions or reducing regulations), which would result in slowing down the signs of disintegration. (Contains 25 references.) (KC)
Descriptors: Adults, Developed Nations, Employer Employee Relationship, Employment Patterns, Employment Practices, Employment Problems, Employment Projections, Foreign Countries, Futures (of Society), Labor Conditions, Labor Market, Labor Needs, Part Time Employment, Work Environment
IAB, Regensburger Strasse 104, 90327 Nurnberg, Germany. Web site: http://www.iab.de (full text).
Publication Type: Collected Works - Serials
Education Level: N/A
Authoring Institution: Institute of Employment Research, Nurenberg (Germany).
Identifiers - Location: Germany