ERIC Number: ED431885
Record Type: RIE
Publication Date: 1998-Apr
Barriers of Proxemics and Kinesics Faced by Management with an Applicant from a Different Culture during a Selection Interview.
Bulusu, Aparna S.
A literature review examined the potential impact of a multicultural applicant's nonverbal behavior (specifically, proxemics and kinesics) in a selection interview. Proxemics refers to the perception and use of personal and interpersonal space, which varies from culture to culture. The review indicated that in an interview situation, the chairs should be able to be moved, with the optimum distance about three to four feet between interviewer and interviewee and the exact distance being that most appropriate to the background of the person being interviewed. Kinesics refers to the pattern of body movement in human interaction, or "body language," which incorporates nonverbal behavior such as body position, body orientation, facial expression, gesture, and posture. Across cultures, distinct differences occur in postural demands during interaction. For example, in certain cultures, bowing before elders rather than shaking hands conveys respect while in other cultures, sitting at the elders' feet conveys respect. Because most new applicants to the workforce in the next decade will be either female or members of minority groups, employers can respond more effectively to the cultural values and do a better job of attracting, hiring, and retaining workers by understanding the influence of culture on the work force (Contains 34 references) (KC)
Descriptors: Adults, Body Language, Cultural Awareness, Cultural Background, Cultural Context, Cultural Differences, Cultural Influences, Cultural Traits, Employment Interviews, Employment Qualifications, Employment Services, Eye Contact, Facial Expressions, Human Posture, Job Applicants, Job Application, Literature Reviews, Minority Groups, Personal Space
Publication Type: Information Analyses; Speeches/Meeting Papers
Education Level: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A
Note: Paper presented at the Annual Meeting of the Southern States Communication Association (San Antonio, TX, April 1998).