ERIC Number: ED431677
Record Type: Non-Journal
Publication Date: 1998
Reference Count: N/A
Narrative, Visual Model and Dragon Culture: A Narrative Analysis of Value Presentation in Two Movies Preferred by Chinese Adolescents. Research Bulletin 98.
A narrative study was conducted of the visual models in two movies preferred by Chinese adolescents in two schools (n=152). The two movies studied were "Three Decisive Campaigns" (A Chinese Trilogy) and the American science fiction movie, "Jurassic Park." The modified approach from Bandura's modeling theory and film semiotics was used to derive a more adequate explanation of modeling from the relationships among narrative, culture, and values. Results indicated that the narrative and cultural characteristics of the film characters at the levels of text, structure, and logic provide some basic prerequisites for model selection and preference. From the viewpoint of modeling, characters in the movies provide three main kinds of knowledge for vicarious learning: (1) social role norm; (2) the environmental contingency; and (3) the vicarious reinforcing experience. Findings suggest that different genres not only influence what kinds of value models are presented, but also how they are presented and how they are able to convince the viewer. Attention was also paid to the archetype of Chinese value models. Through the analyses of dragon myths, monarch literature, Confucianist classics, the social construction of the self by such practices as the family, cultural metaphors and socially proved life goals, the main ideas of Mao Ze-dong, and a comparative study of the way Chinese and American cultures present these two movies, the study not only reveals the general development of Chinese values from ancient to modern times, but also offers a perspective on how value models differ from culture to culture. Suggestions for effective movie models in classroom teaching and cultivation of teenagers' critical attitudes towards films and television are given. Contains extensive tables and references. Appended are the survey and a list of 10 preferred films. (BT)
Descriptors: Adolescents, Comparative Analysis, Criticism, Cultural Context, Films, Foreign Countries, Models, Secondary Education, Secondary School Students, Semiotics, Student Surveys, Values
Dept. of Education, P.O. Box 39 (Bulevardi 18), 00014 University of Helsinki, Finland.
Publication Type: Collected Works - Serials; Dissertations/Theses
Education Level: N/A
Authoring Institution: Helsinki Univ. (Finland). Dept. of Education.
Identifiers - Location: China