ERIC Number: ED431585
Record Type: Non-Journal
Publication Date: 1998-Nov
Reference Count: N/A
Who Is Least Likely To Visit Natural Areas and Participate in Outdoor Experiential Education Programs; What Are the Barriers; and How Can Barriers Be Broken?
Tierney, Patrick T.; Dahl, Rene
A telephone survey in Los Angeles County examined patterns of visitation to undeveloped natural areas by various segments of the population and perceived barriers to such visits. A total of 894 interviews were completed; the sample was representative of Los Angeles County's racial and ethnic diversity. About 40 percent of respondents had visited a natural area during the previous spring or summer. Logistic regression results showed that the following groups were significantly less likely than their counterparts to visit an undeveloped natural area: those with low socioeconomic status, noncitizens, African Americans, and those feeling unwelcome due to perceived discrimination. Groups that underutilized natural areas cited six important barriers to visitation, for which management agencies and outdoor experiential educators could realistically develop interventions. These barriers were: (1) lack of friends to recreate with in natural areas; (2) too crowded at natural areas; (3) lack of workers of same ethnicity; (4) feeling unwelcome and discriminated against; (5) don't know where to go or what to do; and (6) lack of transportation. Contains 32 references and 4 data tables. (SV)
Descriptors: Minority Groups, Negative Attitudes, Outdoor Education, Participant Characteristics, Recreationists, Socioeconomic Influences, Telephone Surveys, Vacations, Wilderness
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Publication Type: Reports - Research; Speeches/Meeting Papers
Education Level: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A
Identifiers - Location: California