ERIC Number: ED431583
Record Type: Non-Journal
Publication Date: 1998-Nov
Reference Count: N/A
Pathways to Transformation.
Henderson, Bob; Cushing, Pamela
The ubiquitous use of the term "transformation" in experiential education has blurred its specific meaning in any given case. Designing an effective curriculum requires instructors to determine what kind of transformation they would like to generate. A review of two research projects provides insights about different types of personal change and development. The projects examined outcomes of a classic Outward Bound course to develop self-confidence and outdoor leadership skills and those of a university-level travel course that sought to challenge students' assumptions about the earth and their relationship to it. In both projects, personal change or transformation varied among individuals in four ways: content or area of change, degree or intensity of change, longevity of change postcourse, and the extent of integration with other areas of students' lives. A typology of transformational aims is suggested: skill (to develop skills according to given guidelines); citizenship (to develop students' views of the world and their role in it); and ecological (to transform society by encouraging students to rethink the existing social order and cultural assumptions). Contains 13 references. (SV)
Descriptors: Adventure Education, Attitude Change, Consciousness Raising, Educational Objectives, Experiential Learning, Higher Education, Individual Development, Skill Development, Transformative Learning
AEE, 2305 Canyon Blvd., Suite 100, Boulder, CO 80302-5651; Tel: 303-440-8844 ($2.50).
Publication Type: Reports - Research
Education Level: N/A
Authoring Institution: Association for Experiential Education, Boulder, CO.