ERIC Number: ED431310
Record Type: Non-Journal
Publication Date: 1997
Reference Count: N/A
Language Ideology and Language Development.
Khubchandani, L. M.
Grammer, Language and Society, p282-303 1997
An examination of the language-related educational policies of South Asia, and particularly of India, finds that language policies among colonial administrators and the native elite for over a century has left a deep imprint on contemporary language ideologies of different nations. The discussion begins with a look at the Indian dual education system before the consolidation of British rule on the subcontinent at the beginning of the nineteenth century, with instruction given in Sanskrit and Arabic-Persian. The rival British educational system later eclipsed the traditional systems, and as it evolved, it effectively ignored all mediums of instruction except English. The struggle for Indian independence brought with it substantial conflict over the British education system, and the issue of language of instruction became politicized. Patterns of native language use and language policy in India and other South Asian areas are described, and the problems facing many multilingual developing nations as a result of current language usage and strategies are discussed briefly. Contains 47 references. (MSE)
Descriptors: Colonialism, Diachronic Linguistics, Educational History, Educational Policy, Elementary Secondary Education, Foreign Countries, Higher Education, Indigenous Populations, Language Maintenance, Language Minorities, Language of Instruction, Language Role, Multilingualism, Public Policy, Uncommonly Taught Languages
Publication Type: Journal Articles; Reports - Descriptive; Speeches/Meeting Papers
Education Level: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A
Identifiers - Location: Asia; India