ERIC Number: ED431264
Record Type: RIE
Publication Date: 1999-Apr
Traumatic Brain Injury. Fact Sheet Number 18.
National Information Center for Children and Youth with Disabilities, Washington, DC.
This fact sheet describes traumatic brain injury (TBI), an injury of the brain caused by the head being hit by something or being shaken violently. It discusses the incidence of TBI, and describes its symptoms as changes in thinking and reasoning, understanding words, remembering things, paying attention, solving problems, thinking abstractly, talking, behaving, walking and other physical activities, seeing and/or hearing, and learning. Tips for parents and teachers of children with TBI are provided. Teachers are urged to: (1) find out as much as they can about the child's injury and his or her present needs; (2) give the student more time to finish schoolwork and tests; (3) give directions one step as a time; (4) show the student how to perform new tasks; (5) have consistent routines; (6) check to make sure that the student has actually learned the new skill; (7) show the student how to use an assignment book and a daily schedule; (8) realize that the student may tire quickly; (9) reduce distractions; (10) keep in touch with the student's parents; and (11) be flexible about expectations. A list of resources and organizations that provide information on TBI is included. (CR)
Descriptors: Academic Accommodations (Disabilities), Elementary Secondary Education, Head Injuries, Incidence, Neurological Impairments, Student Characteristics, Student Needs, Symptoms (Individual Disorders), Teacher Role, Teaching Methods
NICHCY, P.O. Box 1492, Washington, DC 20013; Tel: 800-695-0285 (Toll Free, Voice/TTY); e-mail: firstname.lastname@example.org; Web site: http://www.nichcy.org
Publication Type: Guides - Non-Classroom
Education Level: N/A
Sponsor: Special Education Programs (ED/OSERS), Washington, DC.
Authoring Institution: National Information Center for Children and Youth with Disabilities, Washington, DC.