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ERIC Number: ED431232
Record Type: Non-Journal
Publication Date: 1999-Apr
Pages: 30
Abstractor: N/A
Reference Count: N/A
The Changing Face of the Principalship in Alabama: Role, Perceptions, and Gender.
Kochan, Frances K.; Spencer, William A.; Mathews, Jerry
This paper examines the principalship in Alabama. It focuses on the "individual role conception" of the principalship as perceived by those in that role and investigates whether gender affected these perceptions. For the research, principals were asked to provide personal demographic and professional information and to respond to three open-ended questions: What are the three greatest challenges you faced as a starting administrator in this position? What are the three most significant ways in which your presently held position is changing or has changed in the last 5 years? What do you consider to be the five most important skills a new administrator in your position needs to possess? A survey was developed and sent to all principals in Alabama (N=1303). Findings from 514 principals were used for this study. The findings suggest that external pressures, particularly those related to state mandates, the budgeting system, and accountability measures, have increased stress, paperwork, and workload. Male and female principals perceived their roles in similar ways. However, women viewed the tasks before them and the ways in which they must deal with them in a more global manner than did males. For example, they identified the need to make the facilities more inviting because they recognized the impact of "deteriorating facilities" on morale. Women thought in terms of developing a broad base of skills rather than only dealing with a particular task or issue. (RJM)
Publication Type: Reports - Research; Speeches/Meeting Papers
Education Level: N/A
Audience: N/A
Language: English
Sponsor: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A
Identifiers - Location: Alabama