ERIC Number: ED431161
Record Type: Non-Journal
Publication Date: 1999-Apr
Reference Count: N/A
Understanding the Social Basis of Adolescent Body Image.
Bornholt, L. J.
It is apparent from current research and professional experience that body image has a strong social basis, but the form of such comparisons is unclear. Therefore, the aim of this study is to examine likely forms of the social basis of adolescent body image. This study compares two approaches to the social basis of body image to ask to what extent do gendered social comparisons and self-categorizations in terms of sense of group belonging and individuality contribute to body image. Two studies were completed. Study 1 comprised 286 boys and 175 girls; Study 2 comprised 172 boys and 283 girls. In Study 1, body image was slightly higher for boys than girls, yet both girls and boys think that most girls have good body image. Gendered social perceptions were influenced by the gender of the observer for same-sex ratings and opposite-sex ratings. Body image of same-sex peers was higher for girls than boys, and body image of opposite-sex peers was higher for boys than girls. In Study 2, for boys, the opposite sex provided the salient social comparison. For girls, salient social comparisons were also with girls. Implications for research, theory, and practice are discussed. (Contains 6 tables, 1 figure, and 18 references.) (Author/MKA)
Publication Type: Reports - Research; Speeches/Meeting Papers
Education Level: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A
Identifiers - Location: Australia