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ERIC Number: ED431159
Record Type: Non-Journal
Publication Date: 1999-Apr
Pages: 32
Abstractor: N/A
University Students' Engagement in At Risk Behaviors: A Study of Past Parenting and Current Personality.
Steward, Robbie J.; Conner, John; Conner, Nicole; Neil, Doug; Rampersad, Dara; Fischer, Angie; Gaertner, Amy; Inkala, Laurel; Tsai, Cindy
The initial intent for this study was to tease out the sources of the most critical contributor to individuals' engagement in dangerous behaviors and to add to the literature addressing these at-risk behaviors by attending to the limitations of the current body of literature. White university students (N=60) completed three measures for the study: the Developmental Survey of Risk Taking Behavior, the Parental Acceptance-Rejection Questionnaire (PARQ) and the Personality Assessment Questionnaire (PAQ). Findings suggest that the degree to which White freshmen and sophomore university students currently engage in at-risk behaviors is more strongly associated with early childhood experiences with parents and behaviors during early elementary school years than with current personality variables. In part, findings on the surface appear to support the social/environmental theories that imply that at-risk behaviors are integrally linked with family dynamics. This is particularly true given that data indicates engagement in at-risk behaviors are significantly associated with fathers' and mothers' parenting and with individuals' earlier engagement in at-risk behaviors. Those individuals who reported a tendency to 'misbehave' during precollege years and whose mothers expressed less warmth and more aggression, and whose fathers expressed more aggression and more neglect were found to currently engage in at-risk behaviors more often. It is emphasized that clinicians must be able to ask the right questions in order to discern whether the etiology of engagement in at-risk behaviors is biological or social/environmental in nature in order to know how to best proceed in treatment and referrals. (Contains 35 references and 4 tables.) (GCP)
Publication Type: Reports - Research; Speeches/Meeting Papers
Education Level: N/A
Audience: N/A
Language: English
Sponsor: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A