ERIC Number: ED431118
Record Type: Non-Journal
Publication Date: 1999-Mar
Reference Count: N/A
The Transfer of Knowledge and Skill to Different Contexts: An Empirical Perspective.
Two South Australian studies--an initial and a follow-up study--explored the extent to which students are able to retain knowledge or skill learned in one context and reproduce this knowledge or skill in a different context. Study 1 was conducted with 121 Year 10 students in a country secondary school; study 2 was conducted with 72 Year 10 students from a metropolitan secondary school. Students in both studies were required to learn how to construct a pie chart in a mathematics class and were then assessed on their ability to construct a pie chart from information that described the top 125 businesses in Australia and related industries. One month later the students were reassessed for their ability to construct a pie chart from information given in another subject; this comprised the transfer task. In study 1, students constructed a pie chart using information on the number of building approvals passed by South Australian district councils in 1992-93. The information was contained on three maps identifying the various council district boundaries. In study 2, students in an English literature class constructed a pie chart using information on the number of books published by nine Australian authors. Results showed that how well the skill is acquired and demonstrated in one context has a major impact on how well it is transferred to another context. Implications supported the need to revisit strategies for improving training processes to ensure learning occurs and to review approaches to competency-based training and application of recognition of prior learning and credit transfer processes. (Contains 36 references.) (YLB)
Descriptors: Charts, Competence, Competency Based Education, Educational Research, Foreign Countries, Job Training, Mathematics Skills, Skill Development, Transfer of Training, Vocational Education
National Centre for Vocational Education Research, 252 Kensington Road, Leabrook, South Australia 5068, Australia; e-mail: firstname.lastname@example.org; Web site: http://www.ncver.edu.au/
Publication Type: Reports - Research
Education Level: N/A
Authoring Institution: National Centre for Vocational Education Research, Leabrook (Australia).
Identifiers - Location: Australia