NotesFAQContact Us
Search Tips
ERIC Number: ED431114
Record Type: Non-Journal
Publication Date: 1999
Pages: 54
Abstractor: N/A
Reference Count: N/A
ISBN: ISBN-92-9157-199-7
Transnational Analysis of Vocational Education and Training in the Countries of Central and Eastern Europe. Report.
European Training Foundation, Turin (Italy).
Vocational education and training (VET) in 10 Central and Eastern European countries--Bulgaria, Czech Republic, Estonia, Hungary, Latvia, Lithuania, Poland, Romania, Slovak Republic, and Slovenia--was examined. The analysis focused on the following issues: socioeconomic context of VET reforms; VET at the start of reforms; the European Union Phare program and its support of VET reform in 1990-1998; changes in VET legislation and policies; changes in VET administration and financing; involvement of social partners; anticipation of skill needs and vocational standards; curricular reforms; teacher and trainer education; higher VET and professional education; continuing education; and challenges for VET in the transition context. It was concluded that, in countries in transition to a market economy and democratic society, VET must perform the following remedial, adaptive, and proactive roles: underpin and motivate the economic and social transformation process; prevent and combat the social exclusion of people disadvantaged in the labor market; and cope with constant technological changes and labor market uncertainty. VET policies in Central and Eastern Europe must be aimed at reaching macroeconomic stability, containing costs and mobilizing additional financial resources for education and training, promoting educational choices, and improving incentives and introducing competition among providers of education and training. (MN)
Bernan Associates, 4611-F Assembly Drive, Lanham, MD 20706; Tel: 800-274-4447 (Toll Free); e-mail:; Web site: (catalog no. AF-21-99-949-EN-C).
Publication Type: Reports - Research
Education Level: N/A
Audience: N/A
Language: English
Sponsor: N/A
Authoring Institution: European Training Foundation, Turin (Italy).
Identifiers - Location: Europe