ERIC Number: ED431008
Record Type: RIE
Publication Date: 1998-Nov
Reference Count: N/A
Pupil-Teacher Ratio (PTR) and Class Size: What Is the Difference?
Achilles, C. M.; Sharp, Mark; Finn, J. D.
The term "class size" refers to the number of students who regularly appear in a teacher's classroom and for whom that teacher is primarily responsible and accountable. "Pupil-teacher ratio" (PTR), in contrast, is an estimate commonly computed by dividing the number of students at a site by the number of professionals who serve or work there. These professionals might include special teachers, counselors, media personnel, or other categories of school workers. Research has established that small class size influences educational outcomes favorably, and that PTR has little influence on outcomes. Further research is needed to explain why this should be so. However, when questions about PTR are removed from the analysis, it is evident that teachers in small classes are responsible and accountable for the learning outcomes of students in their classes. (Contains 1 table and 14 references.) (SLD)
Publication Type: Reports - Descriptive; Speeches/Meeting Papers
Education Level: N/A
Sponsor: Spencer Foundation, Chicago, IL.
Authoring Institution: N/A
Note: Paper presented at the Annual Meeting of the Mid-South Educational Research Association (New Orleans, LA, November 5-7, 1998).