ERIC Number: ED430965
Record Type: RIE
Publication Date: 1999-Apr
Can We Change Teachers' Beliefs? A Survey about Constructivist and Behaviorist Approaches.
Woolley, Sandra L.; Woolley, Anita Williams
This paper reports the development and validation of an instrument to measure teachers' beliefs about teaching related to the behaviorist and constructivist learning theories. The development process included two phases. The first involved the collection of qualitative data from inservice teachers to ensure that the survey items were grounded in practice as well as theory. The second involved testing the survey with 137 inservice and 61 preservice teacher samples and collecting colleague ratings for a subset of the inservice teacher sample (75 individuals) to establish construct validity. Examination of factor pattern matrices for both samples combined with the researchers' own theory and experience led to the decision to condense the 27 items into four factor-based scales. Scale statistics and correlations with colleague ratings provide initial estimates of the scales' reliability and validity and establish their adequacy for use in subsequent studies. Discussion focuses on lessons learned in the survey development as well as directions for further development and its employment in future studies. (Contains 15 references.) (Author/SM)
Publication Type: Reports - Research; Speeches/Meeting Papers
Education Level: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A
Note: Paper presented at the Annual Meeting of the American Educational Research Association (Montreal, Quebec, April 19-23, 1999).