ERIC Number: ED430709
Record Type: Non-Journal
Publication Date: 1999-Jun
Reference Count: N/A
Young Children in Poverty: A Statistical Update.
Bennett, Neil G.; Li, Jiali; Song, Younghwan; Yang, Keming
This document continues a series of statistical reports from the National Center for Children in Poverty about young child poverty in the United States. The highlights of this update include the current profile of extremely poor, poor, and near poor population of young children; an examination of the changing association between higher education among parents and the economic well-being of young children; and an analysis of the impact of the Earned Income Tax Credit on young child poverty. Among the findings noted in the report are the following: (1) the poverty rate for young children and the number of poor young children have declined significantly since 1993, yet remain well above levels seen in earlier decades; (2) almost half of young poor children live in extreme poverty; (3) poverty continues to occur disproportionately among black and Hispanic young children; (4) racial differences in young child poverty rates have narrowed; (5) whites remain the largest racial or ethnic group of young children in poverty; (6) poverty rates are highest in urban areas, but 60 percent of the poor young children live in suburban or rural areas; (7) the young child poverty rate has risen fastest in suburban areas; (8) the risk of experiencing poverty is related to living in a single parent family, low parental educational attainment, and part-time or lack of parental employment; and (9) in 1997, the young child poverty estimate would have been 24 percent higher in the absence of the earned income tax credit. (KB
Descriptors: At Risk Persons, Blacks, Economic Factors, Economically Disadvantaged, Employed Parents, Hispanic Americans, Low Income, Poverty, Poverty Programs, Socioeconomic Influences, Tax Credits, Well Being, Whites, Young Children
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Publication Type: Numerical/Quantitative Data; Reports - Descriptive
Education Level: N/A
Authoring Institution: National Center for Children in Poverty, New York, NY.