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ERIC Number: ED430671
Record Type: Non-Journal
Publication Date: 1999-Apr
Pages: 8
Abstractor: N/A
Reference Count: N/A
ISBN: N/A
ISSN: N/A
Mothers' Responses to Boys and Girls Engaging in Injury-Risk Behaviors on a Playground: Implications for Sex Differences in Childhood Injuries.
Morrongiello, Barbara A.; Dawber, Tess
Unintentional injuries are the number one cause of death in childhood, and boys experience two to four times more injuries than girls. The present study examined whether mothers differed in their speed to intervene and the nature of their intervention responses depending on the sex of the child, the injury history of the child, the level of risk taking mothers expected of the child, and the risk-taking activity in which the child was engaged. Videotapes of 8-year-old children (either boys or girls) engaging in injury-risk play activities on a playground were shown to mothers who were asked to intervene by stopping the tape and saying what they would do if they and their child were in the situation shown. Multivariate analyses of variance revealed that when viewing female children, mothers were more likely to judge behaviors as posing some degree of injury-risk, and they intervened more frequently and quickly than when viewing male children engaged in exactly the same behaviors. The speed of mothers' intervention positively correlated both with their children's injury history and frequency of risk taking, indicating that mothers of children who were previously injured and often engaged in injury-risk behaviors had a higher degree of tolerance for children's risk taking than mothers of children who experienced fewer injuries and engaged less frequently in injury-risk behaviors. Examining the nature of mothers' verbalizations in response to children's risk taking revealed that girls received more cautions and statements encouraging them to analyze the situation and to think in terms of how their behavior could lead to injury outcomes, whereas boys received more statements encouraging risk-taking behavior. (Author/KB)
Publication Type: Reports - Research; Speeches/Meeting Papers
Education Level: N/A
Audience: N/A
Language: English
Sponsor: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A