ERIC Number: ED430642
Record Type: Non-Journal
Publication Date: 1998-Jun
Reference Count: N/A
Part-Time Faculty in Washington Community and Technical Colleges. Research Report No. 98-4.
Washington State Board for Community and Technical Colleges, Olympia. Education Div.
This report concentrates on the reliance of community colleges on part-time faculty. Also included are descriptions of the working conditions and demographics of part-time faculty. The report analyzes different patterns of part-time faculty teaching by subject area and a review of the research on the quality of teaching by part-time faculty. Key findings include: (1) part-time faculty salaries are less than full-time faculty rates, which reflects in part a lack of comparable pay for comparable work; (2) salaries paid to part-time faculty vary by college; (3) in fall 1997, 55% (5,256) of the part-time instructors taught one-third classroom load or less (5 credits); while the 23% teaching two-thirds or more of a load accounted for 44% of the part-time classroom load; (4) Washington part-time instructors are hired for 50% of the vacant full-time faculty positions each year; (5) the rate of employment of part-time faculty varies greatly by college and discipline, with evening and off-campus instruction relying on part-time faculty to do 72% of the teaching; (6) departments that rely most on part-time faculty are basic skills, developmental, and college English; and (7) no significant difference has been found in the quality of instruction offered by part-time and full-time faculty, as measured by student ratings, class retention, or student achievement. (AS)
Publication Type: Numerical/Quantitative Data; Reports - Research
Education Level: N/A
Authoring Institution: Washington State Board for Community and Technical Colleges, Olympia. Education Div.