ERIC Number: ED430637
Record Type: Non-Journal
Publication Date: 1997-Feb
Reference Count: N/A
Retention in Washington Community and Technical Colleges. Research Report No. 97-3.
Washington State Board for Community and Technical Colleges, Olympia. Education Div.
In fall 1996, Washington State developed a performance goals and indicators system in seven areas, including student retention, which is the focus of this report. Six indicators were developed for assessing student retention: (1) the percent of degree-seeking students who attend 4 or more quarters in a 2-year period; (2) percent of degree-seeking students who attend only one quarter and do not return in a 2-year period; (3) percent of students enrolled in a developmental class who progress to a college-level course in the same area; (4) number of credits taken in comparison to required courses; (5) percent of student graduating or completing within 3 years; and (6) hours completed by basic skills students. This report provides a review of the literature on student retention, describing the study of retention from the perspectives of cultural passage and cost benefit calculation. Strategies for increasing student retention are presented, focusing on those that assure that students perceive that the benefits of training outweigh the perceived cost, and that reach out to connect students to the college culture early in the students' tenure. Recommended strategies include transition strategies, such as orientation and career planning, and integration strategies, such as coordinated studies programs and active learning. The remainder of the report presents the available evidence indicating that student retention in the Washington Community and Technical College System is below expectations. Appended is detailed information about student retention as measured through the six indicators. (CAK)
Publication Type: Numerical/Quantitative Data; Reports - Research
Education Level: N/A
Authoring Institution: Washington State Board for Community and Technical Colleges, Olympia. Education Div.