ERIC Number: ED430548
Record Type: RIE
Publication Date: 1999-Jun
The Presence of Computers in American Schools. Teaching, Learning, and Computing: 1998 National Survey. Report No.2.
Anderson, Ronald E.; Ronnkvist, Amy
In order to assess the current presence of computing technology in American schools, a national survey was conducted of elementary and secondary principals and technology coordinators in 655 public and private schools. Results are discussed in terms of: computer density; computer capacity; computer renewal; peripherals; computer location; technology-intensive schools; software; and Internet access, including type of access and Internet penetration. Distributions and disparities of technology presence indicators are then examined in terms of the following background categories: school level; public versus private schools; size of enrollment; percent of minority enrollment; student poverty (Chapter 1 eligible); community income (zip code based); metropolitan status; and region. The study concludes that the state of computing capacity for instruction in the nation's schools has improved dramatically in the past six years. Findings also indicate some major deficiencies. Most of the computers in schools do not have the capability to run the large variety of multimedia software currently available, which means the computers are also severely limited in how they can access graphical information on the Internet. Data also provide evidence that disparities still exist across social, economic, and geographic boundaries. In addition to 12 statistical tables in the text, appendices contain 22 figures illustrating findings. (AEF)
Descriptors: Access to Computers, Access to Information, Computer Assisted Instruction, Computer Software, Computer Uses in Education, Educational Equipment, Educational Technology, Elementary Secondary Education, Equal Education, Internet, National Surveys, School Surveys, Tables (Data)
Web site: http://www.crito.uci.edu/tlc/html/findings.html
Publication Type: Numerical/Quantitative Data; Reports - Research
Education Level: N/A
Sponsor: National Science Foundation, Arlington, VA.; Office of Educational Research and Improvement (ED), Washington, DC.
Authoring Institution: Center for Research on Information Technology and Organizations, Irvine, CA.; Minnesota Univ., Minneapolis.
Note: For report no. 1 in this series, see ED 429 564.