ERIC Number: ED430498
Record Type: RIE
Publication Date: 1998-Apr
The Rise of Temporary Faculty Appointments and the Decline of the Liberal Arts.
Pratt, Linda Ray
Part-time faculty employment has increased by roughly double over the last twenty years, with temporary faculty especially prevalent in English, history, modern language, and mathematics. Women hold 47 percent of part-time positions. This paper charges that the growing use of part-time and nontenure-track faculty is linked to a national crisis in support for liberal arts education and the increasing demand for technology education. Money in college budgets once available for the humanities has been siphoned off to sustain research programs built with federal dollars but now facing cuts in federal funding. Additionally, state legislatures are requiring their higher education institutions to more directly serve the business world. Because these patterns threaten the integrity of university research funding, it forces the humanities to compete with the sciences for a share of a tighter budget. With most of the observable trends in higher education moving in the direction of responding to the demands of business, new technology, distance education, and building partnerships with nonacademic communities, the humanities and the centrality of classroom teaching are being side-stepped. (CH)
Publication Type: Opinion Papers; Speeches/Meeting Papers
Education Level: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A
Note: Paper presented at the Meeting of the Conference on College Composition and Communication (49th, Chicago IL, April 1-4, 1998).