ERIC Number: ED430474
Record Type: RIE
Publication Date: 1999-Apr
Student Retention in an Historically Black Institution.
McDaniel, Cleve; Graham, Steven W.
This study developed a statistical model to identify college students most prone to dropping out, testing the model to predict the retention status of black residential and white commuter students at an historically black institution with an open admissions policy. The model used 25 pre- and early-matriculation variables, including gender, age, ethnicity, citizenship, state and country of residency, enrollment status, high school class size, high school rank, high school grade point average, scores on the American College Testing(ACT) Service examination, grades in developmental courses, number of developmental courses required, first-semester credit hours attempted and completed, first-semester grade point average, and cumulative grade point average. Multivariate models (both direct and forward stepwise) using logistic regression analysis were developing using data from a sample of 1,949 first-time degree-seeking freshmen who entered the institution from 1990 through 1995. Compared to withdrawing students, returning students were significantly more likely to report better academic habits and goals, to have higher ACT scores and higher high school grades and class rank, to be a white commuter student, and to attend college full-time. Overall, the forward stepwise model was judged better for predicting retention status than the direct model. Results have implications for early identification of high-risk students. (Contains 49 references.)(DB)
Publication Type: Reports - Research; Speeches/Meeting Papers
Education Level: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A
Note: Paper presented at the Annual Meeting of the American Educational Research Association (Montreal, Ontario, Canada, April 19-23, 1999).