ERIC Number: ED430417
Record Type: Non-Journal
Publication Date: 1997-Dec
Reference Count: N/A
The American Freshman: National Norms for Fall 1997.
Sax, Linda J.; Astin, Alexander W.; Korn, William S.; Mahoney, Kathryn M.
The 32nd annual report of national normative data on college freshmen is part of the Cooperative Institutional Research Program's longitudinal study to assess the effects of college on students. Data are based on 252,082 entering students at 464 of the nation's two- and four-year colleges and universities in Fall, 1997. The normative data are reported separately for men and for women and for 35 different institutional groupings. The major stratifying factors are institutional race (predominantly black versus predominantly white), control (public, private-nonsectarian, Roman Catholic, Protestant), type (university, four-year college, two-year college) and the selectivity level of the institution. An overview identifies major trends which include: (1) students show record levels of academic disengagement; (2) students are also increasingly disengaged from politics; (3) more students identify themselves as "middle of the road" with the shift coming disproportionately from the right; (4) the rate of cigarette smoking is the highest in 30 years; and (5) students come from families which are smaller, with parents more likely to be divorced or separated, and with mothers less likely than ever to be full-time homemakers. Appendices include detail on the research methodology, the 1997 student information form, the coding scheme, a listing of institutions participating, information on data precision, and a sample report furnished to participating campuses. (Contains 15 references.) (DB)
Descriptors: Academic Aspiration, College Freshmen, Diversity (Institutional), Grade Inflation, Higher Education, Longitudinal Studies, Political Attitudes, Self Esteem, Sex Differences, Statistical Data, Student Attitudes, Tables (Data), Volunteers
Higher Education Research Institute, UCLA Graduate School of Education & Information Studies, 3005 Moore Hall/Mailbox 951521, Los Angeles, CA 90095-1521; Tel: 310-825-1925; ($22 plus $4.79 shipping and handling).
Publication Type: Numerical/Quantitative Data
Education Level: N/A
Authoring Institution: Higher Education Research Inst., Inc., Los Angeles, CA.; California Univ., Los Angeles. Graduate School of Education & Information Studies.