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ERIC Number: ED430400
Record Type: Non-Journal
Publication Date: 1999
Pages: 40
Abstractor: N/A
Reference Count: N/A
ESL Korean Learners' Use of External and Internal Modifications in Request Realizations.
Suh, Jae-Suk
A study investigated how Korean learners of English as a second language (ESL) differ from native speakers of English in the use of supportive moves and in the expression of politeness (use of downgraders) in requests, a speech act considered to be face-threatening. Three groups of subjects participated: 30 Korean students enrolled in an intensive university ESL program; 30 native English-speaking American university students; and 30 Korean students in a Korean university, who served as a control group for the Korean subjects. Each group was administered a discourse completion test, in which they were asked to read the descriptions of 12 situations and write down what they would say in each situation. The request realizations by the Korean ESL students were compared with those of the English native speakers in terms of supportive moves and downgraders. Analysis of the results is presented. They indicate that patterns of the ESL learners differed greatly from those of native speakers of both English and Korean, suggesting not transfer of skills from language to language but some idiosyncrasies. Explanations and pedagogical implications are considered. The discourse completion tasks are appended. Contains 41 references. (MSE)
Publication Type: Reports - Research
Education Level: N/A
Audience: N/A
Language: English
Sponsor: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A