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ERIC Number: ED430390
Record Type: Non-Journal
Publication Date: 1999
Pages: 30
Abstractor: N/A
Reference Count: N/A
Native Speakers' Perception of the Nature of the OPI Communicative Speech Event.
Johnson, Marysia
A study investigated the Educational Testing Service's claim about the conversational nature of the Oral Proficiency Interview (OPI) from the perspective of native speakers of the target second language. Eight subjects listened to 16 randomly-selected OPI communicative speech events, and their perceptions were measured using a semantic differential instrument. Analysis of the data indicate that with few exceptions, native speakers did not differ in their judgments of the nature of the OPI communicative speech event; they found that the OPI does not test speaking ability in the real-life context of a conversation as it claims to. The OPI tests speaking ability in the context of two interview types: a very formal interview that has many features of a survey research interview, based on the behaviorist theory of stimulus and response, and a more conversational type of interview that has many features of a sociologic interview. It is concluded that the findings raise questions about the validity of the OPI testing instrument. (Author/MSE)
Publication Type: Reports - Research
Education Level: N/A
Audience: N/A
Language: English
Sponsor: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A