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ERIC Number: ED430362
Record Type: RIE
Publication Date: 1998
Pages: 10
Abstractor: N/A
Reference Count: N/A
ISBN: N/A
ISSN: N/A
Applying Structured Teaching Principles to Toilet Training.
Boswell, Susan; Gray, Debbie
This paper discusses toilet training children with autism using techniques recommended by TEACCH consultants. It recommends looking at the problem from the perspective of the student with autism in order to build in many elements of visual structure that will help the child understand exactly what is expected. Teachers are urged to look at each element of structured teaching to decide how visual supports can be added to build positive routines, clarify expectations, and reduce confrontational situations. How characteristics of autism might contribute to a child's difficulty in learning to use the toilet independently are explained. Steps in structured teaching that can be used to toilet train are then described and include: (1) assessing of the child's understanding of the toileting process; (2) structuring the physical environment for success; (3) establishing a visually supported routine; (4) trouble-shooting specific problems, such as resisting sitting on the toilet, fear of flushing, over interest in flushing, playing in water, playing with toilet paper, resisting being cleaned, bad aim, and retaining when diaper is removed; and (5) planning a way for the child to initiate the toilet sequence. A list of children's books on toilet training is also provided. (CR)
Publication Type: Guides - Non-Classroom
Education Level: N/A
Audience: N/A
Language: English
Sponsor: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A