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ERIC Number: ED430349
Record Type: RIE
Publication Date: 1999-Apr
Reference Count: N/A
Social Perception and Strategy Generation: Two Key Social Cognitive Processes in Children with Mental Retardation.
Leffert, James S.; Siperstein, Gary N.; Millikan, Emily
This study examined the ability of 56 children with mental retardation and 58 children (grades 1-5) without mental retardation to perform two key social cognitive processes: social perception (the encoding and interpretation of social cues) and the generation of strategies for resolving social conflicts. These processes were assessed as children viewed a series of videotaped vignettes which depicted two types of social conflicts (peer entry or peer provocation) and which also varied according to the type of intentions portrayed. Results indicated that children with mental retardation: (1) had greater difficulty in the encoding and interpretation of benign intention cues; (2) generated fewer assertive strategies and had greater difficulty generating different strategies as a function of shifting social conflicts; and (3) like children without mental retardation, shift their strategies based on whether or not they interpret another child's intentions as "mean." The importance of social perception in guiding how children with mental retardation respond to varied social conflicts is discussed. (Author/CR)
Publication Type: Reports - Research; Speeches/Meeting Papers
Education Level: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A
Note: Poster presented at the Biennial Meeting of the Society for Research in Child Development (Albuquerque, NM, April 15-18, 1999).