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ERIC Number: ED430246
Record Type: Non-Journal
Publication Date: 1999-Apr
Pages: 69
Abstractor: N/A
Reference Count: N/A
ISBN: ISBN-0-16-050042-7
NAEP 1996 Trends in Writing: Fluency and Writing Conventions. Holistic and Mechanics Scores in 1984 and 1996.
Ballator, Nada; Farnum, Marisa; Kaplan, Bruce
Supplementary to "NAEP 1996 Trends in Academic Progress," this report describes two aspects of writing for which change has been measured since 1984: writing fluency as determined by holistic scoring; and mastery of the conventions of written English as determined by mechanics scoring. The introduction discusses the layout and means of evaluation: measuring fluency of writing, mechanics of writing, and expressing the differences in performance. Chapter 1 compares holistic scores in 1984 and 1996 regarding student writing fluency in informative, persuasive, and narrative writing. Chapter 2 compares mechanics scores in 1984 and 1996 to look at overall characteristics of the papers, use of sentence types, control of sentence structure, and control of word-level and punctuation conventions. A summary includes discussion of fluency in writing, grammar, spelling, and punctuation, and observations made from the research. Appendixes present an overview of scoring procedures, scoring guides, and tables with standard errors. (SC)
U.S. Government Printing Office, Superintendent of Documents, Mail Stop: SSOP, Washington, DC 20402-9328; ED Pubs, P.O. Box 1398, Jessup, MD 20794-1398; Tel: 877-433-7827 (Toll Free); Web site:
Publication Type: Numerical/Quantitative Data; Reports - Research
Education Level: N/A
Audience: N/A
Language: English
Sponsor: National Center for Education Statistics (ED), Washington, DC.
Authoring Institution: Educational Testing Service, Princeton, NJ.; National Assessment of Educational Progress, Princeton, NJ.
Identifiers - Assessments and Surveys: National Assessment of Educational Progress