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ERIC Number: ED430167
Record Type: Non-Journal
Publication Date: 1999-Jun
Pages: 177
Abstractor: N/A
Reference Count: N/A
The Influence of Extracurricular Activity Participation upon Youth Problem Behavior: School Connection as a Mediator.
Brown, Randall Anthony
How participation in extracurricular activity participation (EAP) encourages prosocial behavior is investigated. A sense of connection to prosocial entities is understood to influence youth behavior. This study tests the hypothesis that the impact of EAP is mediated by a youth's sense of connection to the school. Using a diverse sample of secondary students from two school districts (N=1,756), the following research questions were investigated: (1) What constitutes school connection construct? (2) Is extracurricular activity participation associated with a decreased likelihood of youth problem behavior? (3) Is extracurricular activity participation associated with increased sense of school connection? (4) Is school connection associated with a decreased likelihood of youth problem behavior? (5) Does school connection mediate the relationship between extracurricular activity participation and youth problem behaviors? A mediation model is proposed, and youth problem behaviors including class cutting and substance use are measured. Multiple regression analysis did not fully support the school connection mediation model; however, analyses revealed that both EAP and school connection are significantly related to a decreased likelihood of youth problem behavior. The complex developmental process of school connection is discussed in relation to changes to the school environment, which may be beneficial in providing programs for youth. Ten appendixes include charts summarizing EAP and connection research, survey instrument, selection instructions, consent form, administration protocol, sample script, two tables depicting matrix of variables and results of analysis, and discussion of background variables results. (Contains 124 references.) (Author/EMK)
Publication Type: Dissertations/Theses - Doctoral Dissertations
Education Level: N/A
Audience: N/A
Language: English
Sponsor: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A