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ERIC Number: ED430064
Record Type: Non-Journal
Publication Date: 1998-Apr
Pages: 148
Abstractor: N/A
Reference Count: N/A
School Violence and Student Achievement in Reading and Mathematics among Eighth Graders.
Coleman, Beverly Eugene
This study analyzed base-year student data files from the 1988 National Education Longitudinal Study (NELS:88) cross-sectionally to identify relationships between school violence and student achievement in reading and mathematics. The analysis identified student behavior variables related to three measures of school violence: (1) personal behavior, such as being sent to the office for misbehaving, parents being warned about behavior, or fighting with other students; (2) victimization, whether having something stolen, receiving a drug offer, receiving threats or harm; and (3) perception of violence indicated by student responses to how they perceived violence problems in their school. Background variables included in the analyses were sex, race/ethnicity, socioeconomic status quartile, school type (public, Catholic, other religious private, nonreligious private), and school community location (urban, suburban, and rural). Associations of school violence measures plus student background characteristics on student achievement show that when the incidence of negative personal behavior increases, there is a negative effect on achievement. Students experiencing victimization and students' perceptions of violence in their schools show lower levels of effect on achievement. Implications for school practices and suggestions for future research are discussed. Three appendixes contain summaries of school violence reports, a description of the NELS:88, and the NELS:88 eighth grade questionnaire. (Contains 14 tables and 138 references.) (SLD)
Publication Type: Dissertations/Theses - Doctoral Dissertations; Tests/Questionnaires
Education Level: N/A
Audience: N/A
Language: English
Sponsor: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A