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ERIC Number: ED429974
Record Type: RIE
Publication Date: 1999-Apr-16
Pages: 11
Abstractor: N/A
Reference Count: N/A
ISBN: N/A
ISSN: N/A
Are Preservice Teachers Literate in Grammar and Usage?
Belk, Jo Ann; Thompson, Richard
This paper presents an instrument, the Grammar Inventory for Teachers (GIFT), that may be used to determine preservice teachers' knowledge and use of correct grammar. The paper explains that communication skills are critical characteristics of effective teachers, and preservice teachers must be competent in their knowledge and use of grammar in order to communicate effectively with students and the general public. Teachers in graduate classes helped ascertain what grammar and usage knowledge was important for teachers to know. Researchers constructed evaluation items, and teachers were asked to affirm that the items had face validity. Four language arts instructors examined the test items and agreed that the items had validity. Researchers used the split-half method to determine the reliability of the GIFT. They administered two forms of the GIFT to 40 preservice teachers to determine the split-half reliability coefficient (.76). The final instrument measured grammatical knowledge and knowledge of standard English usage, focusing on parts of speech, sentence elements, correct use of verbs, subject and verb agreement, and pronoun usage. The paper includes a copy of the GIFT. (Contains 13 references.) (SM)
Publication Type: Reports - Research
Education Level: N/A
Audience: N/A
Language: English
Sponsor: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A