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ERIC Number: ED429866
Record Type: Non-Journal
Publication Date: 1998-Apr
Pages: 32
Abstractor: N/A
Reference Count: N/A
ISBN: N/A
ISSN: N/A
Organizational Cultures of Excellent Schools in Hong Kong.
Pang, Nicholas Sun-Keung
Currently school organizations are under pressure to achieve excellence. There is no exception to this pressure in the schools of Hong Kong. Research into organizational cultures of excellent schools in Hong Kong is seeking evidence for others striving for excellence. Excellent schools are defined as few schools that have many aspects that outweigh their counterparts to a great extent. This study adopted an "etic" view on organizational cultures, in contrast to an "emic" view. An "etic" perspective of culture allows the quantitative assessments of organizational cultures across schools. Furthermore, it renders possible comparisons between the characteristics of excellent schools, and that of their counterparts. A questionnaire method was employed in this study. An instrument,"School Values Inventory" (SVI), was created for the study. Based on data collected from 554 teachers from a randomly selected sample of 44 secondary schools in Hong Kong, a "Linear Structural Relationships" (LISREL), a four-factor model of organizational values in schools, was developed. The model delineates that bureaucratic linkage, cultural linkage, tight coupling, and loose coupling are the major forces that bind teachers together in school organizations. An "Organizational Culture Index" (OCI) also was created as indicative of the strength of organizational cultures of schools. While the four binding forces demonstrate cultural contents in schools, the OCIs show their strength. Three excellent schools were identified out of the 44 schools in the sample. Organizational cultures of the 44 schools were described in terms of OCI and the four major binding forces. Characteristics of the three identified excellent schools were analyzed according to their cultural strengths and contents. All three schools had strong organizational cultures. Two distinctive types were identified in the excellent schools: (1) professional culture; and (2) bureaucratic-professional culture. One school relied heavily on cultural linkage and loose coupling as management strategies to bind people together. The other two schools were strong in bureaucratic linkage and cultural linkage. Contains 3 tables, 6 figures, and 36 references. (BT)
Publication Type: Reports - Research; Speeches/Meeting Papers
Education Level: N/A
Audience: N/A
Language: English
Sponsor: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A
Identifiers - Location: Hong Kong