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ERIC Number: ED429846
Record Type: Non-Journal
Publication Date: 1999-Apr
Pages: 17
Abstractor: N/A
Reference Count: N/A
Understanding Informal and Formal Mathematical Abilities in Mainland Chinese and Chinese-American Children.
Zhou, Zheng; Cheng, Christine; Mottram, Lisa; Rosenblum, Stacey
Informal and formal mathematical abilities were studied in the preschool, kindergarten, and first grade children in Beijing, China and Chinese-American children in New York City. Test of Early Mathematical Abilities-2nd Edition (TEMA-2) was administered to the three groups of children (children from Beijing, Chinese-American from lower-class, and Chinese-American from middle-class families). A parent questionnaire was also used to examine parents' attitudes toward their children's learning in the early school years and the nature of parent-child interaction at home. Results indicate that with regard to informal mathematical knowledge, preschool children in Beijing outperformed their Chinese-American peers from lower-class families. Chinese-American preschoolers from middle-class families did equally as well as those from Beijing in the overall informal mathematics. At the kindergarten level, children from Beijing outperformed Chinese-American children from both lower- and middle-class families in overall informal mathematics but not in formal mathematics. At the first grade level, a significant difference was found in formal mathematics with children from Beijing performing significantly better than Chinese-American children from both lower- and middle-class families. Responses from the parent questionnaire suggest similarities in terms of values, expectations, and the nature of parent-child interactions among the three groups. Factors that do and do not seem to explain performance differences among the groups are also discussed. Contains 13 references. (Author/NB)
Publication Type: Reports - Research; Speeches/Meeting Papers
Education Level: N/A
Audience: N/A
Language: English
Sponsor: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A
Identifiers - Location: China (Beijing)